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HOW GENERAL ELECTIONS WORK IN GRENADA
A general election is held when Parliament is dissolved by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister of the day. General elections must be held every five years at least.

Grenada is divided into 15 electoral districts or constituencies. Voters in each constituency elect one member of parliament (MP) to send to the House of Representatives on the first past-the-post system. (The Senate in Grenada is not an elected body.)

A political party is a group of people who seek to influence or form the government according to their agreed views and principles. There are a number of political parties in Grenada. Each party nominates one candidate for each constituency. Independent candidates may also stand for elections.

The party that wins the most constituencies is asked by the Governor General to form the government. The leader of that party becomes the Prime Minister. If the party wins in more than 8 constituencies, it will have a majority government, which makes it much easier to get legislation passed in the House. If the winning party has fewer than 8 seats, it forms a minority government. In order to get legislation through the House, a minority government usually has to adjust policies to get enough votes from MPs of other parties.

The party that has the second highest number of seats in the House of Representatives is called the Official Opposition.

Any citizen of Grenada who is 21 years of age or older and resident in Grenada is eligible for election to the House of Representatives.

STAGES OF THE ELECTORAL PROCESS
Each voter (also called an elector) receives a form shortly before an election in their constituency and this gives the location of their polling station.
Each elector presents his/her identification card to officials at the polling station, who checks off the name of the voter against the electoral register and issue them with a ballot paper.
Electors vote by putting a cross on the ballot form against the name of the candidate they want to represent them and then placing the ballot paper in a sealed box. (Any other mark or comment on the paper renders it invalid.)
When polling closes, the ballot boxes are collected from each polling station in the constituency and taken to a central point.There the seals are checked before the boxes are opened and the votes for each candidate are counted.
When the counting finishes, the results of voting in that constituency are announced by the returning officer, who declares the winner of the election.
 
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Grenada Elections - Decision 2013    Historical Information Source: Caribbean Elections (http://www.caribbeanelections.com)    Webdesign: www.cisgrenada.com